Alto Adige (South Tirol), the most northern region of Italy, in the heart of the
alpine circle, has a surface area of 7,400 sq. km. With valleys and mountains following each other, its landscape
presents a varied aspect, from the mountainous zone of Ortles (Solda, Trafori, Val Martello) to the polling peaks
of the Dolomites and to the porphyry walls of Bassa Atesina. A dominant and majestic scene of the Altoatesine Alps
is constituted by the Dolomites that owe their name to the particular calcareous rock of which they are compounded.
Their origin stems from the Triassic period, one hundred and fifty million years ago. These mountains, born from
an ancient sea and thanks also to their particular colouring, have always fascinated naturalists and poets. A third
of the Altoatesino territory is protected under a landscape and environmental profile, which in guaranty and a
promise of interesting walks across the following itineraries: the Natural park of Sciliar, the Natural park of
Puez-Odle, the Natural park of Monte Corno, the Natural park of the Dolomites of Sesto, the park of the Vedrette
di Rics, the Sarentine Alps park and the National park of Stelvio.
The independent province of Bolzano
is endowed with a special statute. Bolzano in the main town of the province and seat of the local government. Other
centers are Merano, capital of Tirol, Bressanone, Brunico and Vipiteno.